Charles P. Shoemaker

Mary Ann Shoemaker and her mother Rebecca Shoemaker, second and third great-grandparents of Chris Tucker, are known to have been slaves of Charles P. Shoemaker of Morgan County, Georgia. See their pages for related slave records.

Charles P. Shoemaker was a white man who was born in Virginia about 1812 and died in Morgan County, Georgia, in 1864. Charles married Frances R. Cousins in Morgan County on October 9, 1834. Frances was from Amelia County, Virginia.

Currently, nothing is known of the parents of Charles P. Shoemaker. Documents related to his acquisition of slaves have not been located, although it is believed that they most likely came to him through inheritance. By locating the parents of Charles, it may be possible to trace the ancestry of the black Shoemakers back another generation.

The first documentary record of Charles P. Shoemaker is a deed on November 19, 1835, when Charles purchased 202 1/2 acres of land in Morgan County from William M. Brawner for $1,000. In September 1839, Charles bought the first piece of land of what would become the Shoemaker plantation at the intersection of Spears and Clack Roads in Morgan County. Eventually, Charles owned approximately 1,500 acres of land.

According to the 1850 United States Census Slave Schedule, 21 slaves lived on the Shoemaker farm. View the slaves of Charles P. Shoemaker on the 1850 Slave Schedule. Slaves were enumerated by age, sex, and color (black or mulatto). The names of slaves were only recorded in isolated instances. Because no names were recorded, it is nearly impossible to identify a particular individual on the slave schedule.

Please note that slaves were enumerated in the place where they were living at the time of the census. Slaves that were rented out for extended periods of time were enumerated on the farm of the person who rented them, not the person who owned them.

On November 17, 1856, Charles sold four slaves to his daughter Cassandra A. Mathews nee Shoemaker. The slaves were Ellen, a woman, Bob, a boy, Mat, a boy, and an unnamed girl.

According to the 1860 United States Census Slave Schedule, 33 slaves lived on the Shoemaker farm. View the slaves of Charles P. Shoemaker on the 1860 Slave Schedule.

There is a 60 year old male slave living with Charles in 1850 and a 70 year old male slave living with him in 1860. Although there is no way to say for sure, this old man may be Reuben Shoemaker, a black man from Virginia who is enumerated on the 1870 Census as a 72 year old man. He is two households away from Frances Shoemaker, the widow of Charles P. Shoemaker.

After the death of Charles and the end of the Civil War, the family land ended up being owned by William H. Shoemaker, a son of Charles. On January 10, 1873, William and his wife Sallie sold 2 acres of land to Thomas Garrett, Joel Thomas, and Thomas Newton, trustees representing the Colored Baptist Church. There are no detailed records related to this church, but it appears to have been located on the northeast side of Spears Road, northwest of Clack Road. The church is not recorded on an 1897 map of Morgan County, though other black churches in the county are on the map.